What is video colposcopy?
It is a method of early diagnosis of various pathologies of the vaginal portion of the cervix. It is based on a visual examination of the organ using special equipment with a micro video camera. The signal from the camera is transferred onto a screen. It makes it possible to examine and assess the condition of the cervix and vagina in real time. The procedure is non-invasive – the equipment is inserted into the natural opening of the body, and there is no traumatization. There might be a micro injury if a small sample of the mucous membrane is taken for biopsy.
Video colposcopy at Kivach Clinic
The specialists of the clinic use advanced equipment while performing video colposcopy, which guarantees that the exam is highly informative. The equipment makes it possible to record a video of the examination or take pictures of each step of it in order to control the effectiveness of the treatment. Available presets (image sharpness, brightness, contrast, and zoom) help to study any details of an obtained image in order to identify the smallest structural and functional changes in tissues, which makes the examination more accurate.
- The method is used to provide a check-up for women with the pathologies of the vulva and the vaginal portion of cervix, as well as for post-treatment monitoring.
About the procedure
What to expect during the procedure?
The patient lays down on the gynecological exam chair. Using a speculum, the doctor examines the area, and after that places the colposcope a few centimeters away from the chair. In order to detect pathological changes in tissues, the doctor applies a solution of vinegar or iodine into the cervix.
The examination of organs is performed in real-time using optic equipment. During the process, pictures or videos can be taken.
During the procedure the doctor might take a tissue sample for biopsy. A special agent might be used to stop the bleeding.
- First 6-8 weeks after childbirth and cervix treatment using destructive and surgical methods.
- Vinegar and iodine intolerance.
- Is the exam safe?
The exam is absolutely safe. It is non-invasive – the equipment is inserted into the natural opening of the body, but there is no traumatization. An injury is possible if a doctor takes a tissue sample for biopsy. The exam is performed without any kind of radiation.
- Is the exam painful?
The exam is not painful. Before the exam, a doctor applies a vinegar or iodine solution on the cervix. Vinegar might cause minor short-term burning sensation; iodine solution does not cause any discomfort.
If a tissue sample is taken for biopsy, there might be some discomfort, which is why local anesthesia is used. A special medication can be used to stop the bleeding.
- Are complications possible?
There are no complications. After the exam, there might be some minor vaginal discharge for two or three days.
If a sample of tissue was taken for biopsy, there might be dark vaginal discharge. One should abstain from sexual intercourse, douching, using vaginal suppositories, and tampons for a week. Minor bleeding can last for 3-4 days, and vaginal discomfort disappears within 24 hours.
- How to prepare for the exam?
As a rule, the exam is not performed during the menstruation. The best time for the exam is the first days after the period.
It is recommended:
- to abstain from sexual intercourse for a day or two before the exam.
- to evacuate the bowel and bladder before the exam.
- What ensures that the procedure is successful?
- Qualified doctors and nurses with extensive practical experience.
- Using advanced equipment and drugs.
- Compliance with aseptics and other standards of medical care.